Our Research Areas Explained
Cancer cells are cells in the body that have gone out of control. Cancer cells divide an abnormal number of times to form a tumour. Most cells in the body have an inbuilt STOP signal that tells them when to stop dividing. For example, skin cells divide approximately 20 times and then they stop. This is important as we need to replace our skin cells; we lose them all the time, but we do not want too many. Cancer cells can divide 100s to 1000s of times, forming tumours. Read more.
Nerve cells are the cells of the brain that send electrical signals to each other to control learning, memory and behaviour. They also send signals throughout the body to connect the brain with muscle and other organs. Read more.
An embryo is first formed when a sperm fuses with an egg, producing a single-celled embryo. Embryology is the study of how this embryo develops and grows into specialised cell types and organs. We have over 200 different cell types in our body, and these cells have very different functions. Just consider the role of muscle cells, nerve cells and skin cells. By the time we are born, our body is made up of trillions of cells. Read more.
Genes are sequences of DNA that code for the proteins in our bodies. Genetic diseases are mostly caused by mutations in a person’s DNA, which affect the quality or amount of a particular protein that is being produced. The goal of gene therapy is to replace faulty copies of genes with good copies in order to treat genetic diseases. Read more.